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  • Travel - 初中三年级英语课件制作教案-佚名-

  • 教学目标

    教学目标与要点


      1.掌握打电话的一些方法和技巧,能熟练使用英语打电话,并且用语准确,特别注意英汉文化之间的差异。
      2.学习归纳有关"travel"方面的词汇。能够制定、描述、总结自己的某一次trip。掌握相关的旅行常识。
      3.学习宾语从句,掌握由that引导的宾语从句。注意所有陈述(肯定或否定)句作宾语时,都应由that引导。
      4.能够理解和运用部分动词所带否定的宾语从句的否定前置。如:I don''t think they can came on time.
      5. 除会叙述旅行之外,我们还要给出We should write a short passage about travelling. What do you think of travelling? Is it good or bad? 等题目进行写的练习。

    素质万亿国际娱乐目标


      1. 学习新的语法知识:The Object Clause。
      2. 熟练掌握有关打电话和旅行的词汇、短语及日常用语。
      3. 鼓励学生在学习过程中锻炼听说读写的能力,并不断提高相关知识的语言应用能力。
      4. 向学生通过对旅行知识的学习,了解祖国的大好河山,万亿国际娱乐他们热爱祖国、建设祖国、保卫祖国的理念。

    教学建议

    关于本单元教材内容的分析

      本单元围绕“Travel”这一中心话题,结合Lesson 14“Jim’s train ride”和与travel相关的对话Lesson 15开展教学活动。Lesson 13是由格林先生打电话给校长引出了本单元的语法功能项目——宾语从句。由that引导的宾语从句是本单元教学的重点知识之一。本单元学习了用英语写电话留言(telephone message),重现和新学了一些打电话的专用术语。本单元所阐述的有关travel的内容,和我们生活密切相关,如Lesson16,应灵活掌握,就其中的某些问题能有自己的独特见解。对于有关travel的交际用语,学生应学会熟练地使用。

    本单元句型及日常交际用语

    1. 本单元句型及交际用语

      (1) — Could I speak to sb, please?

         — I’m sorry he isn''t here right now.

      (2) — May I help you?

         — That''s very kind of you.

      (3) That would be fine.

      (4) I’ll leave a message on his desk.

      (5) Many thanks.

      (6)— What does sb say?

         — He/ She says that….

      (7) What a pity! I’m sorry I missed it.

      (8) How exciting!

      (9) You must be very tired.

      (10) The score was 2-1.

      (11) Hurry up! Or we’ll be late.

      (12)It takes about ten minutes.

      (13)— What do you think is the fastest way to travel?

         — I think the fastest way to travel is by plane.

      (14) It takes sb some time to do sth.

      (15) I’m free every day except today.

    2. 关于打电话的一些专用语:

      (1)开始打电话时

      Hello, could I/may I speak to Carter Bronte?

      您好,我可以和卡特·布朗特讲话吗?

      Hello, is Mr. Parley in?

      您好,派雷先生在吗?

      Hello, this is John here (speaking). Who’s that (speaking)?

      您好,我是约翰,您是哪一位?

      (2)接电话时

      Hold on for a moment, please. 请稍等。

      He is on another phone. 他正在接听另一通电话。

      May I ask who is calling? 请问是谁?

      Is that John (speaking) ? 你是约翰吗?

      Sorry, but he is not here at this moment. 对不起,他不在。

      The line is bad, please speak a little louder.

      线路不好,请说得大声点。

      Someone wants you on the phone. 您的电话。

      (3)留口信、结束通话时

      Could I take a message for you? 我替您留个口信好吗?

      Do you want to leave a message? 您想留个口信吧?

      He is not in right now. Would you call back? 他不在,你(一会儿)再打过来好吗?

      I’ll hang up now, bye! 我挂了,再见!

    关于本单元重难点知识的分析

    1. I hope to see him as soon as possible.

      as…as possible是一个固定词组,与as … as I can/ could同义。soon为副词,可将soon换为别的副词或形容词,作“尽可能……地(的)”解。如:

      as soon as possible 尽可能早

      as quick as possible 尽可能快

      as often as possible 尽量经常

      as friendly as possible尽量友好

    【例】

      (1)You’d better leave here as soon as possible.

      你最好尽早离开这里。

      (2)Try to be as friendly to your classmates as possible.

      对同学要尽可能友好。

      (3)Your should go home to see your sick mother as often as possible.

      你应当尽可能多回去看你病中的母亲。

      (4)Get up as early as possible tomorrow == Get up as early as you can.

      明天清尽早起床。

      (5)Will you please say it as clearly as possible? = Will you please say it as clearly as you can?

      请你能尽可能说得清楚些吗?

      (6)Do it as quickly as possible = Do it as quickly as you can.尽快去做吧。

      需要注意的是as soon as possible指时间的迟早;而as quickly as possible则表示动作的快慢。

    2. I’ll leave a message on his desk. 我将在他的桌子上留言。

      (1)leave a message. “留言;留话”,类似的还有:

      give sb a message 给某人带个口信;

      take message带个口信,带个话;

      send a message to sb 发信息给某人

      (2)leave 的用法归纳

      1)离开;出发。词组有:leave…for… 离开…去…;leave for 动身去…,如:

      When will you leave Beijing? 你们什么时候离开北京?

      We are leaving Beijing for Shanghai. 我们将离开北京去上海。(leave此句中是及物动词)

      When are you leaving for London?什么时候你将动身去伦敦?(leave此句中是不及物动词)

      2)留下;丢下;遗忘。常用结构:leave+宾语+介词短语,如:

      I left my bay in your home. 我把我的书包忘在你们家了。

      3)过去分词left 用在名词后作宾语,意为“剩下”,如:

      Don’t worry, there is some time left. 不要着急,还剩一点时间。

      4)leave还可表示“让……处于……状态”,例如:

      Will you leave the door open? 请把门敞开好吗?

    3.I’m free every day except today. 除了今天我每天都空。

      在英语中,besides,but和 except作为介词,都有“除……之外”的意思。besides是“除……之外,还有……”是肯定的;而except和but是“除……之外,没有……”是否定的。在否定句中,besides可以和 except,but同义。与but相比,except所含“除外”的意味更明确,语气也更强烈。例如:

      (1)All came back besides Kate.除了凯特已回来,其他所有人也回来了。

      (2)All came back except/ but Kate.除了凯特,全都回来了。(意思是凯特还没有回来)

      (3)I don''t want anything but / except this.除了这个,我什么都不要

      (4)We go to school everyday except Sunday.除了星期天,我们每天都上学。

    4. What does the teacher say?

      She says that she will leave a message on the headmaster’s desk.

      在这个句子中that是一个引导词,用来引导一个宾语从句。that在口语中可以省略。在使用含有宾语从句的复合句中,当主句是一般现在时的时候,从句可以用任何时态。但是,当主句是一般过去时的时候,从句必须用过去的某一种时态(客观真理除外)。例如:

      I hear she will be back in an hour.

      He said she lived with her mother.

      He told me that the sun is the biggest of the three.

    5.电话记录卡的写法

      书写电话记录卡是我们日常生活、办公、学习中常常碰到的事。接个电话,要找的人不在,需要对方留言,我们要学会怎样写这种“电话留条”。下面我们看一个例子:

    有时候,如果电话内容重要,还要将接电话,写留言记录条的人姓名写上去。

    6. It is much cheaper and far more enjoyable than a rushed trip by air.

      句中的much和far是用在比较级前表示程度的。类似的还有:a little,still,a lot,even等。例如:

      (l)This text is a little more difficult than that one.这篇课文比那篇稍难一点。

      (2)I’m feeling even worse today.我今天觉得更不舒服。

      (3)I’ve made a lot more mistakes than you have.我犯的错比你犯的多多了。

    7. It takes about ten minutes.

      “大约花了十分钟时间。

      “花费某人多长时间做某事”通常使用 It takes/took sb.some time to do sth.句型。

    【例】


      (1) It took me three hours to finish my work.

      完成工作花了我三个小时的时间。

      (2)It usually takes me half an hour to do morning exercises.

      早锻炼通常花我半个小时时间。

    8. They kept watching the beautiful scenery out of the window.

      The conductor kept coming go offer them hot water and selling them magazines.

      此两句中共同用到keep doing,keep作为动词有许多用法:

      1)保持;保存;保留;保护;保守(秘密)

      Will you keep this seat for me?

      替我保留这个座位好吗?

      Does your watch keep good time?

      你的表走得准吗?

      Who holds the position to keep goal? Who’s the goal keeper?

      谁守球门呀?

      2)使人(物)保持在(某一状态)

      We should keep the motherland in mind and the whole world in view.

      我们应该胸怀祖国,放眼世界。

      We’ll keep you informed.

      我们将随时让你知道情况。

      Sorry to have kept you waiting.

      对不起,让你久等了。

      3)履行(诺言),遵守(惯例)等

      The Chinese people always keep their word.

      中国人民说话是算数的。

      She keeps regular hours.

      她生活作息很有规律。

      4)(按民间习俗)过(节或生日等),庆祝

      How do you keep Spring Festival by yourself?

      你一个人怎么过春节?

      To keep the Sabbath is a kind of habit of Europeans.

      欧洲人的一种习惯是守安息日。

      6)留,停留

      The old man kept his bed for 15 years.

      这老人卧床不起已有三5年了。

      The girl keeps the house.

      这女孩足不出户。

    有关keep的词组:

      keep away 站开,使离开

      keep back 后退

      keep from 阻止

      keep down 镇压,控制

      keep off 让开,不接近

      keep out 靠外,免入

      keep under 压制,控制

      keep up with 跟上,赶上.

    9.trip与journey的区别

      这两个单词的含义大致相同,表示“旅游;旅行”等,都可以表示“从一处到另一处旅行”。但在不同的语境,它们的用法稍有差异:

      journey可指经常走过、旅行过的范围,它一般用于长距离的,其“旅行”方式不论海、陆、空交通皆可以。例如:

      Did you have a good journey?

      你一路上顺利吗?

      They went on a long train journey.

      他们乘火车出远门了。

      It''s more than 27 hours ''journey by air from Beijing to London.

      从北京飞往伦敦需要对个小时以上。

      而trip是指短途旅行和观光,从某地出发再回到某地。例如:

      This is my trip to the seaside.

      这是我的海滨之行。

      Their honeymoon trip to Venice is exciting.

      他们前往威尼斯的蜜月旅行令人兴奋不已。

      trip严格的意义上来说,它的“旅行”的目的是公差或娱乐性的。

      另外,它们的另一个同意词是travel,当travel作名词时,它的“旅行”含义是“出国旅行”。它不能与不定冠词连用,例如: a travel。如果要表示“一次”,我们可以说:“a trip”,“a journey”。

      Travel is much cheaper than it used to be.

      现在旅行比过去便宜多了。

    注意:travels则表示“游记;国外游记”。例如:

      I am writing an account of my travels about America.

      我正在写一部美国游记。

    宾语从句要点分析

      在复合句中,作及物动词、介词或某些形容词的宾语的句子称为宾语从句。同学们在本单元学习连词that引导的宾语从句时,应注意以下要点:

      1.在连词that引导的宾语从句中,that本身无意义,不是句子的任何成分。在口语和非正式文体中常被省略。宾语从句要用陈述句语序。如:

       She says (that) she will leave a message on the headmaster’s desk. 她说她将在校长的桌子放个留言条。

       I hope (that) you’ll have a good holiday. 希望你(们)假日愉快。

      2. 后面常接that引导的宾语从句的动词有:think, hope, say, tell, know, see, hear, mean, agree, fell等。如:

      I see (that) you come here on foot today. 我看你今天是步行来的。

      I hear (that) one of the pandas has a baby.我听说有只熊猫生了个小熊猫。

    注:1)有时宾语从句和主语的谓语之间可插入一个间接宾语或状语。如:

      Please tell Mr. Hu that I’m working hard on my Chinese. 请告诉胡老师我在努力学习汉语。

      You can see from my photo that I have a big smile and long black hair. 你可以从我的照片中看到我的笑容和黑长发。

      2)think等表示看法的动词后面接宾语从句时,若宾语从句的谓语为否定形式,要将否定词not转移到主句,这种现象称为“否定移位”。如:

      I don’t think any of the programmes is interesting. 我认为这些节目没有一个有趣。

      I don’t think chickens can swim. 我认为鸡不会游泳。

      3.后面常接宾语从句的形容词有:sure, glad, pleased, happy, afraid等。如:

      I’m sure he would love to come to your birthday party. 我相信他会很乐意参加你的生日聚会。

      We are both very happy that we are twins. 我们俩都为我们是双胞胎而感到高兴。

      4.宾语从句的时态:

      主句的动词如果是现在时态,宾语从句中动词可以根据实际情况用不同的时态。

      I think I’ve lost my key.我想我已把钥匙丢了。

      I see you are on foot today.我看见你今天是步行来的。

      He says Jim will come back soon.他说吉姆很快会回来的。

      I’m glad she didn’t hurt herself.我很高兴她没有伤着自己。

      主句的动词是一般过去时态,宾语从句的动词必须使用过去相应的某种时态(一般过去时、过去进行时、过去将来时、过去完成时等)。下面分类讲述。

      (1)主句中谓语动词的动作是过去发生,且宾语从句中的词语动词的动作与它同时发生,从句的谓语动词要用一般过去时或过去进行时。

      He said that he had a very good journey home.

      他说他们回家旅途愉快。

      He said he was working hard on his Chinese.

      他说他在继续努力学习中文。

      (2)主句中谓语动词的动作是过去发生,且宾语从句中的谓语动词的动作发生在它之后,从句的谓语动词要用过去将来时;如宾语从句中的谓语动词的动作发生在它之前,用过去完成时。

      He said he would have to give presents to all the family, but he hadn''t chosen any yet.

      他说他要给家里所有的人送礼例说话之后要发生的事),但他还什么都没有买呢(指说话前没做的事情)。

      注:过去将来时和过去完成时以后还要学,在这儿只要求了解。

      (3)如果宾语从句表示客观真理,即使主句中用了过去时,从句的谓语仍要用一般现在时。

      The teacher told us that the sun is the nearest star to us of all.

      老师说太阳是离我们最近的恒星。

      (4)Could you tell me… ?是表示“请求”的委婉句型,并不表示过去时,所以其后的宾语从句的时态可根据需要用任何时态。

      Could you tell me what time the plane leaves?

      你能告诉我飞机什么时候起飞吗?

    关于Making telephone calls的教学建议

      用英语打电话是重要的功能项目之一。本单元再次出现打电话的情境。教师可利用本单元的教学,帮助学生复习打电话用语,让他们学会用英语打电话。

      西方人士的习惯是接电话的人通常先报出自己的电话号码,特别是办公机构,如:Hello!6098724,

      ★ 如想找某人听电话时,可说:

      May/Could/Can I speak to…, please?

      ★ 如你就是某人时,可答道:

      This is …(speaking). /This is …here/…here / speaking 不能说I’m…

      ★ 当对方想问你是否某人时,说:

      Is that,…(speaking)? 而不说Are you…?

      肯定回答是:Yes,it is. 不说Yes,I am.

      否定回答是No,this is … 而不是No,I''m…

      ★ 如要让对方等一等,可说:

      Hold on(for a moment),please. 或One moment,please.

      He/She isn’t here right now / at the moment.

      或I’m sorry he’s / she’s our at the moment. 表示要找的人不在。

      ★ 在这种情况下,接电话的人表示愿意传话,可说:

      Can I take message (for you)?

      I’ll leave a message (on her/his desk).

      I’ll give her/ him the message.

      ★ 听电话时,开始要用招呼语,如Hello! Hi! 如要问候对方,就用问候语:

      — How are you?

      — Fine,thanks. What about you?/And you?

      — I''m fine,too. Thank you.

      ★ 结束时用告别语:Goodbye! /Bye. /See you(tomorrow).等。

      另外,在通话过程中可用May I help you?表示可以帮忙,That''s very kind of you. 表示感谢,Yes,that would be fine. 表示同意。

      进行口语训练时,教师可以结合一些生活实情,让学生两人为一小组练习打电话。

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